5 Ways To Protect Your Skin From The Sun
Radiation from the sun can cause immense damage—here are five ways to protect yourself from it.

It’s vital to avoid exposing your skin to direct sunlight for prolonged periods. UV radiation is emitted by the sun and can cause skin cancer and skin damage. Ultraviolet A (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB) are two types of ultraviolet radiation. UVA radiation has a deeper penetration and is linked to skin ageing. UVB rays, on the other hand, are associated with sunburn. In India, the population is exposed to higher degrees of both UVA and UVB radiation. As per the Indian Journal of Dermatology, UVB rays are filtered by glass, but UVA rays can pass through it.

Sun Protection Factor (SPF) is a measurement used by sunscreens to describe how well you will be shielded from UVB radiation and sunburn. Without sun protection, the average person can only spend around 15 minutes outside before sun damage starts to set in. Choose a sunscreen that delivers broad-spectrum protection from both UVA and UVB radiation and has an SPF of at least 15. SPF doesn’t last all day with only one application; every two hours, you should reapply sunscreen. Don’t forget to put it on any part of your body that is exposed to sunlight, and reapply after swimming or perspiring.

As summer is here, it’s critical to look after your skin’s health. Sunscreen is a big factor in protecting yourself but take a look at these tips to include more ways to keep yourself safe from the sun.

  • Put on protective clothing. Wear long pants, full sleeve shirts, and hats if you can. Wide-brimmed hats not only protect your face, but also other vulnerable areas like your ears and scalp.
  • Make sunglasses your go-to fashion item. Sunglasses will protect your eyes from conditions like cataracts. Look for sunglasses that claim to block UVB and UVA rays by 99 or 100 percent.
  • Avoid spending too much time in the sun, especially between 10am and 4pm. The sun is at its brightest during that time and the intensity of the rays is at its peak. Plan your outdoor pursuits for later in the day or earlier in the morning. If you have to step out, be sure to wear a hat or carry an umbrella.
  • Say no to tanning. Whether you are tanning inside or outside, there is no such thing as a safe tan. It is untrue that indoor tanning is a risk-free substitute for outdoor tanning. You are still exposed to high UV radiation from tanning beds, tanning salons, and sunlamps, which raises your risk of skin cancer and skin damage.
  • Apply sunscreen properly. As mentioned before, your skin can become damaged by UV radiation in just 15 minutes. Even if it’s cloudy outside, apply sunscreen to every part of your body that will be exposed to the sun at least 15 minutes before leaving the house. One should apply sunscreen even if not leaving the house. Sunscreen works best when combined with other sun protection measures like those listed above.

Learn about your skin and keep an eye out for changes because skin cancer is easier to treat when discovered early. New skin lesions such as moles, lumps, scaly patches, or areas where the colour of your skin has changed can be a symptom. Look for changes in a mole’s size, shape, texture, colour, or uneven edges, colour variances, halves that are dissimilar from one another. Additionally, keep an eye out for moles, sores, or growths that bleed continuously, fail to heal, or differ noticeably from any other growths you may already have. If you experience any of these changes or have any concerns, do consult your doctor.


“Knowledge and Attitude of General Population toward Effects of Sun Exposure and Use of Sunscreens.” NCBI, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6052747/. Accessed 29 June 2022.
Sharma, Kalpana. “Decoded: How much sun you need.” Times of India, 16 March 2016, https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/life-style/health-fitness/health-news/decoded-how-much-sun-you-need/articleshow/51406650.cms. Accessed 29 June 2022.
“Sun Safety.” American Safety Council, https://blog.americansafetycouncil.com/sun-safety/. Accessed 29 June 2022.

At Seva At Home, we produce a wealth of free health information to help individuals and families live healthier, happier lives. This has been produced by independent research carried out by the Seva At Home team. This information is not a replacement for medical advice. Please consult your physician for relevant medical diagnosis and advice. 

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